A Career In Commerce And Job Opportunities

IntroductionCommerce has been a course that has been neglected a lot in India. The…

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Commerce has been a course that has been neglected a lot in India. The basic system has divided courses into three categories- science, commerce, humanities. Science has always been valued the highest in India because everyone thinks the students in this field get more opportunities and better jobs when compared to the other two fields and also the pay is high so they can live a luxurious life. However, have you ever wondered what exactly to do After Bcom course?

Even though the statement is true it’s not only for science students. Even a commerce student can earn a good amount and live a comfortable luxurious life. In every job, the main importance is your pay and comfort according to your lifestyle. Therefore, your skills play an important role no matter the course.

What Is Commerce? Who is it for?
Commerce is essentially the conduct of trade among economic agents. It usually refers to the exchange of products, services, or something useful, between businesses or entities. From a better perspective, nations are only concerned with managing commerce in a way that enhances the well-being of their citizens, by providing them jobs and producing beneficial goods and services.

Commerce has existed from the time humans started exchanging goods and services with each other. Starting from bartering to the creation of currencies to the establishment of trade routes, humans have found ways to exchange goods and services and build a distribution process around the process of doing so.

In the present time, commerce normally refers to the macroeconomic purchases and sales of goods and services by large organizations at scale. Commerce is for any person who is interested in finance and transactions. So, if you have done a Commerce course and wish to make a career out of it, here are some career options that you should consider.

Top Highest Paying Jobs In Commerce field

Chartered Accountant
If you’re someone from the Commerce field, you’re presumably to understand about the Chartered Accountancy professional course. The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India or ICAI is a statutory body that designates an individual as an accountant after they need skilled a series of examinations and internship. It is one of the foremost popular commerce stream jobs. As a CA, they will handle the important accounts of a corporation and make sure that the finances are properly recorded and calculated.

Taking the role of a Chartered Accountancy is one of the absolute best-paying jobs in India for commerce students and it is a dream of most commerce students to become a CA. One can expect a starting salary of around Rs. 6 to Rs. 7 lakhs per annum as a CA. It is one of the very best salary jobs for commerce students.

when a CA gains more experience the value also increases. However, the CA exams are said to be one of the toughest then, many students stand back from it. While preparation requires immense diligence, this commerce job does pay off at the top, and therefore the fewer the attempts, the higher the pay.

Investment Banker
This is one of the highest-paying highest paying jobs in the field of commerce in India. Being an investment banker offers a huge salary in the commerce field. The duty of the investment banker is to provide advice and suggestions to various companies and firms so that they can use their money more effectively and achieve their financial goals.

Most companies develop their long-term and short-term financial plans with the help of investment bankers. according to their experience, an investment banker can get a salary of Rs. 20-25 lakhs per annum.

Chartered Financial Analyst
Chartered Financial Analyst is also one of the biggest posts in the field of investment management. CFA places amongst the highest paying jobs in the commerce field in India. any Commerce students who opt for this get an average salary of Rs. 12 lakhs per year. It is a good job profile that concerns commercial services globally.

CFA is also an essential part of many fields like asset management, equity, credit analysis, and revenue analysis, so on and so forth. They collect data from multiple sources and analyze it and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of different investment vehicles.

Certified Public Accountant
The CPA is quite the same as the Chartered Accountancy, but CPA is offered by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). hence, the CPA has a global interest.

Candidates who wish to obtain a CPA degree must have a bachelor’s degree in either Business Administration or Finance or Accounting and must complete 150 hours of study. The CPA does jobs like managing tax, auditing, reporting, and accounting processes for organizations or MNCs.

It is one of the jobs in the commerce field with a high salary that may lead to commercial broadcasters that can give you financial security. One must have a Business or Accounting degree to be eligible to appear for the CPA exam. A CPA can get a salary of around Rs.7-9 lakhs per annum.

An actuary is another respectable career option for people who are looking for jobs in the commerce field with a high salary. Actuaries are people who test risks involved in the insurance industry. Risks can include loss of property, disability, or other potential risks to the corporate.

They are risk management professionals who use their mathematical skills to live the likelihood of future events and predict their financial impact on their customers and businesses generally.

As an actuary, your work won’t be limited to financial institutions. As all areas of business are in danger, Actuaries may find employment opportunities in non-financial domains like land, health care, and other similar fields. An actuary can get up to a minimum salary of 10-14 lakhs per annum.

Cost Accountant
Cost Accountant is another one of the top jobs in the commerce field. There are two main objectives of accounting profit analysis and budget preparation. they are financial experts who help with budgeting, cost management, and company assets and evaluate company performance.

They are usually employed by manufacturing firms. Cost Accountants are essentially responsible for collecting, verifying, analyzing, and communicating data to facilitate financial visibility and improve processes.

They are also a part of the executive team and helped develop the company’s financial plan and report to stakeholders and tax authorities. a fresher has a salary of around Rs. 4 lakhs per annum as a Cost Accountant.

Professional Accountants
In addition to Chartered Accountants, students can also take up the profession of Professional Accountants as it also comes under the highest paying jobs in India. Professional Accountants help with accounting, tax, and compliance reporting.

They should have a working knowledge of accounting software such as SAP, Tally, and Excel. Accounting professionals should create and maintain accurate financial records for businesses and individuals. Professional Accountants can also get a job at an accounting firm or can set up their independent process. They can earn around Rs. 6 lakhs per annum as starting package.

Cost Accountant
Cost Accountant is another one of the top jobs in the commerce field. There are two main objectives of accounting profit analysis and budget preparation. they are financial experts who help with budgeting, cost management, and company assets and evaluate company performance.

They are usually employed by manufacturing firms. Cost Accountants are essentially responsible for collecting, verifying, analyzing, and communicating data to facilitate financial visibility and improve processes. They are also a part of the executive team and helped develop the company’s financial plan and report to stakeholders and tax authorities.

The salary of a fresher as a Cost Accountant is around Rs. 4 lakhs per annum. Retail Manager – A Retail manager assists in the management of supermarkets as per the business principles. The job of a Retail Manager is to run the sales or store successfully. They need a degree in Retail Management.

Retail Managers manage and monitor all aspects of the daily operations of stores, including sales, inventory, staff, and resource management. They have to be familiar with the product and their marketing philosophy. They must use clever marketing strategies to persuade customers to buy products from the store.

Company Secretary
The essential job of a company secretary is to ensure that the company they are working with, runs with proper coordination and while adhering to all the legal requirements and rules.

The Company Secretary (CS) is one of the main positions in the company or organization. CS serves as president between stakeholders and the board. They are responsible for making formal submissions such as account details, tax reports, and annual receipt reports.

CS is also one of the most popular commercial activities in India. Company Secretaries can expect a high salary of Rs. 6-7 lakhs per annum.CS is undoubtedly the most promising course.

Personal Financial Advisor
A personal financial advisor is a person who assists their clients with their financial goals, pensions, retirement savings, insurance, and debt management. Financial advisers require degrees in finance, finance, business, Mathematics, Law. They can get a salary of around Rs. 5 lakhs per annum.

These were the ten highest paying jobs in commerce fields in India. There are many more jobs for commerce students as well which provide decent pay. To name some of them are statistician, sales manager, finance manager, budget analyst, auditor, so on then forth.

It is a field suitable for those people that incline the sector of accountancy, finance, economics, and lots of other related fields. Several students in India join the sector of commerce only because they think it’s an easy choice than that of science but the reality isn’t so. If you’re hooked into this field then it definitely features a lot to supply and if you’re a hardworking person then you’ll get the highest salary jobs in the commerce field. Even though you don’t go for professional courses like CA or CFA, there are also some short term job oriented professional training programs available in the market to get entry in the commerce field job. Link for one of most sought after accounting course for commerce students is provided herewith.

TDS on Purchase of Goods

Section 194Q – As per provisions of section 194Q of the Income Tax Act,…

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Section 194Q

– As per provisions of section 194Q of the Income Tax Act, TDS is deductible if-
– The buyer is responsible for making payment of a sum to the resident seller; and
– Such payment is to be done for the purchase of goods of the value/ aggregate of the value exceeding INR 50 Lakhs p.a.

Explanation of the term ‘buyer’-

– As per explanation to section 194Q, the term ‘buyer’ means as under-
– A person having total sales/ gross receipts/ turnover exceeding INR 10 Crores in the immediately preceding Financial Year in which the specified purchase of goods took place;
– Buyer will not include anyperson notified by the Central Government.

Cost of inflation index notified for FY 2021-22

Ministry of finance has notified cost of inflation index (CII) as 317 for the…

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Ministry of finance has notified cost of inflation index (CII) as 317 for the purpose of calculation of capital gain vide Notification No. 73/2021/F.No. 370142/10/2021-TPL dated 15th June 2021.

The cost of inflation index is used to calculate long term capital gain on sale of assets other than equity shares and equity oriented mutual funds. The CII is used to calculate inflated cost of asset which we are going to sale. To Know more about capital gain tax please join taxation course in Ahmedabad.

Learn Commerce Structures III: Private Limited Company

Introduction  A Private Limited Company is quite a proven and effective business model. It…

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A Private Limited Company is quite a proven and effective business model. It involves private ownership, with a limited number of shareholders(a maximum of 200). These are small but successful business entities and are comparatively easy to achieve targets, for young entrepreneurs, after the BCom course

Although it’s somewhat open to all options, individuals from Commerce courses happen to make better jobs here, mostly due to additional Educational orientations to similar subjects, something other stream novices to this sector, are deprived of.

What Is A Private Limited Company? 

As the name suggests, a Private Limited Company is a privately held business entity. It offers limited liability or legal protection to its shareholders. It is an intermediate business stature, shareholders in between a partnership and a collectively owned business company. 

A maximum of 200 shareholders can be a part of this institution. According to the definition, the shares of these companies are not publicly sold in Stock Exchange markets and can only be sold to the stakeholders in the business, implying a ground-level limitation in the liquidation of such a company.

Who’s The Owner Of A Private Limited Company?

Private limited companies are owned by one or more individuals (human or corporate), known as “members”. The company’s “shareholders” are those, who’s memberships are limited by shares, while “guarantors”  are those limited by guarantees. Beyond the technical terms, members of a company are often referred to as partners.

The companies are majorly owned and managed by the same set of people, where the ones managing the functioning of the system are called Directors, and the ones assisting them are called Secretaries. Together, the executive branch of a company is known as company officers.

What Are The Features Of A Private Limited Company?

A private limited company has the following features:

  • Membership: As per the provisions of the Companies Act 2013, from a minimum of two to a maximum of 200 members, is what a private limited company is allowed to comprise of.
  • Limited liability: The liability of the members is limited to the number of shares directly held in their name.
  • Perpetual succession: Even in case of death, insolvency or bankruptcy of any of its members, the company continues to exist in the eyes of the law, thereby offering ways of forever existence.
  • Register of members: This database is not mandatory for a private limited company to maintain, unlike any public limited company.
  • Directors requirement: The company is required to have a minimum of two directors, and then it can remain operational.
  • Paid-up capital: A private limited company must hold a minimum capital worth rupees one Lac, or such higher amounts, prescribed from time to time.
  • Prospectus: A private limited company is not required to issue a prospectus either, again, an absolute must in case of any public limited company. 
  • Minimum subscription: There are no such limits on this ground and the company is free to start a business immediately after its formation.

Name: The company must use the word private limited company at the end of its name.

What Are The Merits Of A Private Limited Company?

A private limited company has the following advantages

  • Flexible Investment: No minimum capital threshold is required for registration.
  • Separate legal identity: A private limited company is a separate legal identity in the court of law and doesn’t hold overlapping assets and liabilities with the directors.
  • Free and easy transfer of shares: Shares of the company are transferable by a shareholder to any other person and it is particularly hazel free.
  • FDI allowed: In a private limited company, 100% foreign direct investment is permissible in certain segments.

What Are The Demerits Of A Private Limited Company?

A private limited company has the following disadvantages:

  • Publicity restrictions: It arrests the transferability of shares by its articles.
  • No place in the stock market: Shares of these companies are not entitled to be sold in the Stock Exchange markets.

Is There Any Specific Employer Requirement In A Private Limited Company?

There is no such mandatory requirement, to appoint employees in a private limited company. Though informal, graduates from Commerce Courses, are likely to prioritize, in the selection processes.

What Are The Requirements For Private Limited Company Registration?

A private limited company has the following requirements for registration::

  • A minimum of two adult persons are required to act as Directors of the company
  • Minimum of 2 Directors and can have a maximum of 2015 directors.
  • One of the directors of a private limited company has to be an Indian Citizen and Indian Resident.
  • The other director(s) can be a Foreign National.
  • Two persons are required to act as a shareholder of a company

What Are The Documents Required For Registration?

The documents required for a private limited company are:

  • ID proof: PAN card and passports of Indian and foreign directors, respectively
  • Address proofs: Ration card or Aadhar card or driver’s license or voter ID
  • Residence proofs: Bank Statement or electricity bill of the premise
  • Notarized rental agreement
  • NOC from the property owner
  • A copy of the sale deed or property deed (for an owned property)
  • Digital signature of any one director

What Is The Process Of Registering A Private Limited Company?

Once a name for the company is finalized, the following steps have to be carried out by the applicant: 

Step 1: Apply for DSC (Digital Signature Certificate).
Step 2: Apply for the DIN (Director Identification Number)
Step 3: Apply for the name availability.
Step 4: File the EMoa and EAOA with registration form to register the private limited company
Step 5: Apply for the PAN and TAN of the company
Step 6: Certificate of incorporation will be issued by RoC with PAN and TAN
Step 7: Open a current bank account on the company name


Merits and Demerits are the two sides of the same coin, likewise, for a private limited company. It is the most prevalent and recognized business entity, in the current date. This is majorly due to the higher degree of freedom, that it offers in setting it up and functioning.

There’s no time gap between these two, and that’s an incredible opportunity to encourage start-ups. After BCom. Courses, thousands of young minds sketch business plans, not always relevant or effective in the public domain. Whereas the private window offers a more homely than a professional working space, warming up young interns to gear up quickly.

Massive Private Limited Companies have prospered beyond extents, inspiring millions to execute their expertise. Some of these include Flipkart, Ola, Snapdeal, etc. It’s important to have directional thinking and appropriate strategies,  to suit the ideas.

Part – iv- Learn Commerce structures IV: Public Limited Company
Part – ii – Learn Commerce Structures II: Proprietorship Firm
Part – i – Learn Commerce Structures: All About Partnership Firms

Highlights of the 43rd GST Council Meeting

1. Centre has decided to keep 5% GST Rate on COVID Vaccines. 2. GST…

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1. Centre has decided to keep 5% GST Rate on COVID Vaccines.

2. GST exemption has been provided on import of all COVID relief materials and medicines (including free of cost) till 31st August 2021; Also, the medicine for Black fungus – Amphotericin B is included in the exemption list.

3. Group of Minister has been formed to submit the report by 8th June, 2021 on the need for further reductioin and decide on a new rates in exemption list.

4. Amnesty scheme has been launched to reduce the Late Fees for small taxpayer who delayed GSTR-3B Filing.

5. Due Dated for IFF and GSTR-1 filing for May-21 are extended by 15 days.

6. Due Dated for GSTR-4 for FY 2020-21 and ITC-04 for Jan-Mar is extended till 31st July and 30th June respectively.

7. GST Annual Return (GSTR-9) filing is continues to be optional for 2020-21 for small taxpayers with turnover up to Rs.2 crore.

8. GSTR-9C to be applicable for taxpayers with an annual turnover of equal to or more than Rs.5 crore.

9. Companies can continue filing GST returns using EVC instead of digital signature till 31st August 2021.


Learn Commerce Structures II: Proprietorship Firm

A Proprietorship Firm or Sole Proprietorship is the simplest form of business that can…

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A Proprietorship Firm or Sole Proprietorship is the simplest form of business that can be. It is one-man business ownership, where the owner is the business and is not a separate legal entity. Being a separate legal entity comes with government regulations which Sole proprietorship is exempt from. These do not even need to be registered. Most small businesses start as sole proprietorships and go on to expand later.

Since the owner and the business are the same entity, in this case, the profits and losses incurred by the business are directly incurred by the owner. This has both positive and negative aspects of the business and its owner. To learn more about Proprietorship Firms, after B.Com course in Ahmedabad is a good choice.

What Makes A Sole Proprietorship?

  • No Separate Identities: Since the business and the owner are the same, the owner becomes responsible for all transactions and activities carried out by the business.
  • The Risk Factor: The profits and losses of the business are directly associated with the owner. This means all losses are incurred from the personal wealth of the owner while all profits go to their personal wealth as well.
  • Legal Formalities: Since no law governs sole proprietorship, there are no procedures to follow when establishing, expanding or closing a Proprietorship Firm. 
  • Liability: Since the business equates to the owner, there is an unlimited financial liability for the owner. The debts and liabilities of the business automatically fall on the owner.
  • Owner and Business Life-cycle: The events and occurrences in the life of the owner will directly impact the running of the business. An accident, death, imprisonment, etc. will all affect the business operations directly.

Proprietorship Firm Is Not A One Person Company

  • Legality Of The Business: Unlike a proprietorship firm which is not a legal entity, a One Person Company is a legal entity that is separate from the owner. It is defined and regulated under the Companies Act 2013. Enrolling in the after Commerce course in Ahmedabad will prove helpful in learning more about what makes Sole Proprietorship a unique and also largely preferred business choice for a lot of people. 
  • Liabilities: The liabilities of the business do not directly fall on the owner in the case of a One Person company. The owner has a limited liability towards the only shareholder of his company (Which practically is himself, but not so legally).
  • Succession: Succession in a Proprietorship Firm depends on declaring a legal nominee. The continuity of the business stays uncompromised only if the nominee is declared in a will. The death of the (only) company member will otherwise simply disrupt the business.
  • Tax Returns: If the annual turnover crosses the legally specified limit, sole proprietorships need to get their accounts audited. A-One Person Company on the other hand has to file annual returns just like a private limited company. 
  • Change In Nature: An increase in turnover of a One Person Company can lead to it becoming a Private or Public Limited Company. For a Sole Proprietorship, regardless of the profits earned, its status remains as a Sole Proprietorship.

Advantages Of A Sole Proprietorship

  • Complete Control: Since the owner is directly liable for everything, at all steps and stages of the business, the owner has the complete power to decide on matters.
  • Confidentiality: Financial data and documents are not required to be published by Sole Proprietorships which maintains the confidentiality of procedures and operations. 
  • Sense Of Achievement: Since the owner is answerable to own self only, all good decisions, advances, and business expansions bring great satisfaction to the self of the owner.

The Advantages Are Only One Side Of The Coin: Disadvantages Of Sole Proprietorship

  • Unlimited Liability: The aspect of complete control means all losses are solely incurred by the owner. The liabilities continue from the business to the owner. A failing business can take with it the personal wealth of the owner.
  • Uncertain Lifecycle: The life cycle of a Proprietorship Firm depends directly on the outlook and life events of the owner. A debilitated attitude or the happening of an event with a negative impact can leave the business in the lurch.
  • Limits to Managerial Abilities: Since the owner is the business, and no other people are a part of it, tasks like managerial work become difficult to pull off for a single person. 
  • Limited Capital: Since there is only so much that an individual can invest from their personal wealth into a business, these businesses also need money to expand. Unfortunately, banks are not actively willing to lend to proprietorships.

The commerce course in Ahmedabad is a great learning opportunity for those planning to venture into the business world. A Sole Proprietorship is often the beginning of what ends up becoming big and beloved brands, products and service providers. Starting on one’s own is always a better idea, a better learning experience. 

Part – iv- Learn Commerce structures IV: Public Limited Company
Part – iii – Learn Commerce Structures III: Private Limited Company
Part – i – Learn Commerce Structures: All About Partnership Firms