IL&FS Fiasco and Accounting Statements

Recently, the entire nation has been shocked to see that the institution of the…

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Recently, the entire nation has been shocked to see that the institution of the size, scale and reputation like IL&FS has defaulted on its interest obligations.

It is noteworthy that IL&FS was considered to be one of the most reputed borrowers in India and perceived to be a Government backed institution. We have to understand that what makes such a large institution fail. There may be many reasons, but in the context of this article let us look at the accounting statements only.

Following is a summarized consolidated financial statements highlights of IL&FS in recent past.

Accounting statement

Now we have to understand the items line by line. Because, at Super 20 Training Institute, our aim is to understand these items from a practical perspective. And you are aware that it is the best accounting institute in Ahmedabad. Many accounting institutes in Ahmedabad focus on teaching books. Rather S20 as an Accounting Training Institute has set a benchmark by focussing on such case study based practical approach in learning accounting, taxation, tally, GST etc.

It is apparent that the company was the anyways troubled one looking at the above numbers. The company was borrowing at a fast pace and this has resulted into the highest ever interest expenses being borne by the company. The company’s operating profits are decreasing on one side and on the other side the company’s interest expenses shot up drastically by 21%. The sole reason for this difference was that the company continued to borrow funds from the markets and mostly they were short-term borrowings. As you may be aware that in recent past the short-term interest rates are much higher compared to long-term interest rates. Company’s projects were mostly long-term in nature so they had to ideally raise funds from longer term papers. But the company did the contrary.

So, net if you see revenues of the firm were up by 9% in last one year. That looks quite rosy. Now if we look at the operating profits we have a doubt. Operating profits were down by -13%. That means something is seriously wrong. On rising revenues, the company had negative operating profits.

The company’s depreciation was also not in line with the expectations. It was up about 20%. There also somebody needs to dig deeper. And ultimately that has resulted into the company making cash losses as well as accounting losses. This is very alarming and fishy and only some drastic or magical steps can save this company that we can infer.

Friends, we will examine this case from a financial and accounting ratio analysis perspective in my next article. But as of now what we have understood is that the company was troubled operationally as well as financially. If you do not understand any of this topic discussed above you can approach team S20 for more clarity and understanding. You can also write to us at [email protected]. We provide people of any background a simple, effective and practical training in Accounting, Taxation, GST, Tally. You can know more about our courses at www.s20.in/courses

IL&FS fiasco and accounting ratios

We have a space constraint, so let us not discuss what was discusses in…

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We have a space constraint, so let us not discuss what was discusses in the previous article. But you can refer my article IL&FS fiasco and accounting statements for basic understanding.

Now let us straight away understand what are accounting ratios or financial ratios as they are famously referred to.

I have produced direct ratios as calculated by me in MS Excel. If you do not know how to calculate financial ratios or how to arrive at accounting ratios you can approach Super 20 Training Institute – Ahmedabad. We provide such case based, practical and detailed understanding of various topics in our Accounting Courses, Taxation Courses, GST Courses, Tally Courses etc. at our training institute in Ahmedabad.

Now let us look at Operating Profit Margin. In FY1617, Operating Profit Margin was 49%, whereas, in FY1718, Operating Profit Margin was 39%. Such a big erosion in margins is worrisome. That means the company has some serious operating issue which needs to be looked at. Or the figures may be misleading for the previous years.

The next important accounting ratio is EBIT margin. That is Earning Before Interest and Taxes Margin. In FY1617, EBIT Margin was 42%, whereas, in FY1718, EBIT Margin was 31%. This is the significant decline. That means the company has less amount of money to meet their interest expenses.

Finally, we are staring at Net Profit Margin. In FY1617, Net Profit Margin was 1%, whereas, in FY1718, Net Profit Margin was -10%. The company was barely profitable in the previous year. Hence, everything was not ok even in FY1617 also. It was not ignored by everyone concerned with the company. And now we are staring at a big loss in FY1718. Signals were there, but they were ignored.

How default is evident from the above analysis. It is from Interest Coverage Ratio. In FY1617, the company was barely able to meet its interest obligations. On the other side, in FY1718 the interest cover was less than 1.

That means that the company did not have sufficient funds to service their interest obligations. Still, the company kept raising funds from the markets. All these funds were short-term funds basically to see the day has gone off or passed. The management was doing time pass all these days. The regulators were sleeping. The Government thought that the investors like LIC, SBI are taking care of IL&FS. LIC, SBI and other foreign investors were thinking that the management was very much able and worthy. Credit rating agencies were giving AAA rating blindly. Lenders took money from public and loaned to IL&FS thinking it is backed by the Government and anyways AAA. But it was written on the wall that IL&FS is not functioning well. And the worst came true. The institution of this size, scale and reputation are staring at bankruptcy.

Friends, these are the easy tools to analyse the company’s accounting records. Anyone, who wants to understand such topics in detail may contact us at inf[email protected]. or visit our website. We are proud to be known as the best accounting training institute in Ahmedabad. All the best.

Latest Technology Trends in Accounting

Accountant in earlier days meant a Mehtaji / Munimji sitting with a red bulky…

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Accountant in earlier days meant a Mehtaji / Munimji sitting with a red bulky book on his desk, wearing spectacles and giving a frowning look at bills. And then we saw revolution of computer that has changed the way we do accounting. Then came accounting softwares and then ERPs like SAP, Oracle etc. Accountants tried to follow these trends by undergoing various accounting training. We saw many tally training institutes. Any new trend is followed by various courses.

Technology is ever evolving and accounting field is no exception. I still remember how demand was exploded for tally courses in Ahmedabad. And how people used to line up to do accounting courses in Ahmedabad. I still remember that first preference for courses after B.Com. would be accounting or business accounting and taxation courses.

Now what are latest technology trends in accounting in Indian cities like Mumbai / Ahmedabad?

1. Evolution of cloud based softwares
All software vendors are on this now. India’s highest selling software Tally or world’s highest selling software Quick-books all are seeing increasing adoption of their cloud versions. So no doubt we are seeing a secure, accessible and cost effective way of doing accounting. So bye bye desktop based versions. All hail for cloud based softwares.

2. Evolution of customized softwares and applications
People today also buy ready-made softwares like Tally for accounting. And then they get their staff take tally courses and training or prefer to hire staff from tally training institutes. However, many organisations have focused on providing their staff with adequate accounting training by providing them various accounting courses and training. And later on tried to have a customised accounting softwares for their organisations. This has really helped them. We think that it is very cumbersome and costly process. It is like inventing a wheel. I think there is no need for having customised accounting software when you have all kinds of softwares available.

3. Quickbooks is fast evolving in India
Quickbooks – a global leader with their low price strategy is registering healthy growth and traction in India. Small organizations are fast adopting Quick-books. I have now some students asking for Quick-books course in Ahmedabad instead of Tally Course in Ahmedabad.

4. Tally seems to have a tough time in India
Yes. It is right. The leader in Indian Accounting market seems to have tough time. It is apparent. They are being challenged by local players like Busy, Marg etc. On the other side they have regional players to compete with like Miracle, Kuber etc. Newer players like Zoho have also become very aggressive. SAP and Oracle have also small business suites. And global leaders like Quickbooks are becoming increasingly aggressive.

5. Accounting Training Institutes are growing
Yes. There are lots of accounting jobs, accountant vacancies and it seems our B.Com. syllabi are outdated. They are totally out of sync with industry. And we see lot of demand for accounting training institutes in Ahmedabad and other cities of India. People line up and ask for various tally courses, accounting courses, GST courses etc.

6. Usage of ERP is increasing and expanding
Due to SAP and Oracle lowering their price tag and increasing their customizability many small and medium enterprises are now willing to adopt these packages. Also there are many small and home grown ERP players offering ERP packages at a fraction of the cost of SAP and Oracle. They are also reasonably good. So your inventory, finances, CRM and operations all are integrated.

7. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Though right now in my limited knowledge, I have not known artificial intelligence or machine learning being used by any organisation in accounting field. Recent activities of the likes of Netsuite are worth following. It is clear that in future AI would be part of any decision making process. So I am sure decision making activities in Accounting, various reporting systems and analytical processes in Accounting to increasingly use artificial intelligence and machine learning.

So, you may have questions, what kind of courses people need to after B.Com.? Welcome to Super 20 Training Institute. Our Executive of Commerce (Accounting, GST & Tally) Course is one of its kind in India. No match for it. I take a challenge. All the best.

Accounting with GST – Purchase

Despite people taking accounting courses in Ahmedabad, Tally courses in Ahmedabad, GST courses in…

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Despite people taking accounting courses in Ahmedabad, Tally courses in Ahmedabad, GST courses in Ahmedabad, at times, we find due to clerical errors and lack of due diligence Accountants in Ahmedabad cause loss to their clients.

Hence, in our series of articles explaining accounting with GST today we will discuss purchase accounting with GST.

When we make purchase, we actually pay GST to the vendor/creditor. Under GST mechanism, we will then get credit of GST paid to the vendor. So it is very important for us to do this section very carefully.

Let us take a practical case to get accounting training / GST training in this matter.

Rittal Enterprise in Ahmedabad is a textile trading firm based at Ahmedabad. They purchase readymade shirts from Vittal Enterprise in Ahmedabad, a shirts manufacturer based at Ahmedabad.

Suppose Rittal Ahmedabad have purchased 1,000 nos. of shirts @ Rs. 500/- from Vittal Ahmedabad. Hence, total purchase value is Rs. 5,00,000/-

Now from the lookup of our GST training, we got to know that GST @ 5% is applicable on these kinds of products. Since the purchase is within state CGST @ 2.5% and SGST @ 2.5% will be applicable on this transaction. Since this is a purchase transaction these will be input GST. Input CGST Rs. 12,500/- and Input SGST Rs. 12,500/- will be paid to the vendor.

Now let us understand accounting effect in the books of Rittal Enterprise Ahmedabad:

Purchase of trading goods will always debited in the books of accounts. So, Purchase A/c Dr. Rs. 5,00,000/-. Input CGST and SGST are credits receivable hence they are debited in the books of accounts by Rs. 12,500/- each. The goods are purchased on credit hence Rittal Enterprise Ahmedabad is yet to pay to Vittal Enterprise Ahmedabad. So, Vittal Enterprise Ahmedabad is a creditor and their account need to be credited. So, final entry will look like as below:

Purchase A/c Dr.   Rs. 5,25,000/-
Input CGST Dr.      Rs. 12,500/-
Input SGST Dr.      Rs. 12,500/-
To Vittal Ent. Cr.    Rs. 5,25,000/-

Though this article has its own limitations, you can contact us for various accounting courses, GST courses, tally courses, wherein we try to cover such topics from a very practical perspective based on actual case studies. Super 20 Training Institute is proud to serve students in capacity of the best accounting training institute in Ahmedabad.

New Batch Starting for Accounting Courses – Register now !

– Register now. New Morning EC Batch starting from June 5, 2018 timing 8…

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– Register now. New Morning EC Batch starting from June 5, 2018 timing 8 am to 10 am (Ideal for Tally Course, Accounting Course, Job-oriented Course). For more details visit / call S20.

– Get early bird discount by making advanced booking for new Adv. EC Batch starting from July 15, 2018 timing 8 am to 10 am (Ideal for Advanced Accounting Course, Taxation Course, Advanced Taxation Course, Tax Consultant Course). For more details visit / call S20.

– Hurry up. New Noon EC Batch starting from June 15, 2018 timing 1:30 pm to 3:30 pm (Ideal for Accounting Training, Tally Training, Job-oriented Training).

Success of Tally as an Accounting Software – I

Friends in today’s article we will try to understand the success of Tally as…

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Friends in today’s article we will try to understand the success of Tally as an Accounting software. Well, before we begin let me just introduce ourselves. We are No.1 in Tally Training, GST Training, Taxation Training and Accounting coaching classes in Ahmedabad. We have been very successful in getting students jobs after completion of their Accounting Courses, Tally Courses, Taxation Courses, GST Courses.

How Tally was born?
Tally is a brainchild of S S Goenka and his son Bharat. Goenkas were facing problems in handling their day to day bookkeeping and accounting. So Bharat being a brilliant graduate in Mathematics took up a challenge to develop an MS-DOS based accounting software Peutronics Financial Accountant. It was a success way back in 1986. So a smart guy with an urge to solve problem became an instant success. May be someone has advised them to rename this software so they renamed it to Tally. And we have a world class brand like Tally with us serving us since then.

With the changes in technologies, Tally has coped up with the same pace of changes. They launched Windows based version when Windows were launched. When ERP started penetrating businesses they launched Tally ERP versions. And Tally ERP became rage. Their latest version Tally ERP 9 became money-spinner. Over a period of time, they also kept incorporating various taxation and compliances related modules and changes into the software. So Tally was not just used in Accounting it was used in Taxation, Sales Tax, GST related compliances also. It really made life of businesses and accounting in particular very smooth.

Very important for any software product company is to have people addicted to their software. So they did not bother about piracy. They launched education version, auditor access, schemes for Chartered Accountants. This has created a fort around them. They did wonders with such high penetration strategies.

The major change came when they pushed on Tally Training – A Training based on their software. And soon you see flourishing Tally Courses, Tally Training Institutes. There are many students vying to get themselves do Accounting Course through a Tally Course. Tally became synonymous with Accounting in many parts of the country. Many institutes launched Tally Accounting Course, Tally Taxation Course, Tally GST Course etc. Tally Courses based on various versions of Tally also were in demand. So basically, through this route the product went viral. It so became that students wanted to Accounting Course / Training will come and ask for Tally Course at the Institute or an accountant wanted to learn Taxation came to ask for Tally Taxation Course or GST Course. I think Goenkas may not have expected this much love and affection from the users.

We are no fan of an Accounting Software. But let us accept that Tally has created name for itself. And it is really praiseworthy. An Indian company, completely homegrown and has made a mark for itself in this country. In the next article, we will discuss more on this topic.

Accounting and Tally classes in Ahmedabad are so much in demand that students despite having a subject to learn are still wanting to learn more from these classes. the bigger challenge is to find the right institute to train you and hone your accounting skills.

Financial Accounting – Accrual Method v/s Cash Method

Friends in our today’s article we will try to understand what is financial accounting.…

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Friends in our today’s article we will try to understand what is financial accounting. Well, many people try to undergo financial accounting coaching classes in Ahmedabad or may be a tally course or such other courses/training for their career enhancement. So what we do in such accounting courses/tally courses / quickbooks courses is quite deeper. But within this given space let us understand financial accounting.

So what is financial accounting? It is a specialized branch of accounting which deals with all of the company’s financial transactions. It is a process of recording, summarizing and reporting the myriad of transactions resulting from business activities for a particular time interval.

Now let us understand what various accounting training institutes, tally training institutes and software vendors like tally, quickbooks confuse us with two important terms i.e. Accrual v/s Cash. What is this? It is simply nothing but a difference of timing of recognition of revenue and expenditure. Financial accounting may be performed using either the accrual method, cash method or a combination of the two.

During the course of accounting/book keeping, accrual accounting method ensures recording transactions when the transactions have occurred/incurred and the revenue is recognizable.

Cash accounting entails recording transactions only when the cash is exchanged. Revenue is only recognized when the payment is received and expenses are only recorded when we make the actual payment. Looks simple, Right?

Both methods are used everywhere. Accrual accounting is more prevalent because most of the professional accountants generally adopt accrual method since they have generally undergone accounting courses/tally courses and they stress more on accrual accounting. Cash method is more prevalent in small businesses.

Now let us understand with an example.

We will write an accounting entry in the books of Amit Trading Corporation.

Amit Trading Corporation purchases goods from Pawan Dealers Pvt. Ltd. worth Rs. 1,05,000/- and paid Rs. 5,000/- as advance rest is payable when the goods are delivered.

In this case Amit Trading Corporation is a buyer

Now we will be able to understand the difference between accrual method and cash method of accounting.

This is just very basic things. In various tally courses/training or  accounting courses at our institute we make complex concepts very straightforward, use cases to work upon them. We are one of the top accounting institute in ahmedabad.

Feel free to contact us any time. Your feedback is most welcome.