Simple Steps to Create Company in SAP FICO

A company is a business organization or a group of businesses that work together…

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A company is a business organization or a group of businesses that work together and make their own financial statements based on the country’s business law. The local currency is used to record the financial transactions of the company.

A five-character alphanumeric key tells us about a company. A business can have more than one company code and have operations in different places, but they all have to be part of the same business unit.

SAP: Define Company

About Company in SAP: A company is an organizational unit for which a separate set of financial statements can be made based on the rules of business. One or more company codes can make up a company. A company has local currencies that are used to keep track of its transactions. All of a company’s company codes must use the same Chart of Accounts for transactions and the same Fiscal Year. SAP doesn’t force you to create a company.

Company in SAP: Key things to know

You can make financial statements that meet the laws of the country where the business is based.

  • You can give a company one or more company codes.
  • It is a SAP organization unit that can be chosen or not.
  • If a business has more than one company code, all of them should use the same chart of accounts.

Defining a Company in SAP:

SAP IMG Path: SPRO > Implementation Guide for R/3 Customizing > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Financial Accounting > Define Company

OX15 is the code for “Define Company in SAP.”

For making a new company, enter the following information.

  • Type in the six-character alphanumeric code that represents the company group.
  • Type in the name of your business.
  • Change the address in the “Detailed information” box – Street name, PO Box number, ZIP code, and City.
  • Enter the company’s country code.
  • Enter language key
  • Enter the company’s local currency (also known as Company code currency)
  • After making the necessary changes, click the Save button or press CTRL+S.
  • Pick “Customizing request” from the drop-down menu or make a new one. To make a new Customizing request, click on the icon that looks like a request, as shown in the picture below.

How to Start a Business in SAP

In SAP, you can describe a company by:

Transaction code: – “OX15”

Navigation: SPRO | SAP Reference IMG | Enterprise Structure | Definition | Financial Accounting | Company | Define Company.

  • Step 1: Type “OX15” into the SAP command field, as shown in the picture below, and press enters to move on.
  • Step 2: On the “Internal trading partners” tab, change the view to: To set up the company in SAP, click the “New Entries” button on the overview screen.
  • Step 3: Make the following changes on the “New Entries” screen.
  1. Business: Enter a key that helps SAP figure out the company group. In our case, we changed “TKART” so that we could start a new company.
  2. Name of Business: – In this field, you should put the full name of the company.
  3. Name of business 2:- If the company has a second name, add it here, or leave it blank. Information in-depth
  • Street: – Name of the street where the business is
  • Postal code: – Enter postal pin code
  • City: Change the name of the city. In our case, we changed “Bangalore.”
  • What country? You need to change the country key here. For example, IN for India, US for the United States, etc.
  • Language key: – Our language is English by default, so the language key is “EN.”
  • Currency: Enter the key for the currency in which transactions for the group company are kept. It is also called “local currency” or “home currency.”

Note: If you press the F4 key on your keyboard, you can choose from the list of keys for City, Language, and Currency.

Step 4: Once you’ve changed all of the necessary information, click the “Save” button to save the company information. Now that you’ve been asked for a custom request, click the “New Entries” button to make a new one.

Now, change the request’s description and press Enter to move on. Here’s an updated description of how to set up SAP FICO.

This tutorial shows you how to do the following things step by step:

  • Make a new business in SAP FI
  • Use SAP FI to make a company code.
  • Give the company a company code.

Giving a Company Code

Step 1: Go to reference IMG in SAP.

Step 2: You have to choose the menu path from there.
SAP customization implementation guide > Enterprise Structure > Assignment > Financial Accounting > Assign company code to company

Step 3: Enter the company’s unique ID next to the company code you want to give it.

Step 4: Save the information and enter the customization request number.

In the above screen, the company is given a company code.


This was in brief about simple steps to create a company in SAP FICO. Even a beginner-level learner can abide by these steps and take on creating a company in SAP FICO. If you are based out of Ahmedabad you ought to look out for SAP Training Institute in Ahmedabad, which will be able to help you better.

How Accrued Revenues Are Recorded As Liabilities?

When running a business, one of the most important things to keep track of…

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When running a business, one of the most important things to keep track of is how much money comes in and whether or not that’s enough to cover all the costs that come with running the business. Even though it’s easy to think of revenue as “automatic” when a good or service is sold or exchanged, it’s not always as easy to actualise it. Only when income comes as a cash payment right away does it count as income. Instead, a business is more likely to have accrued revenues. An accountant will usually record changes to accrued payments by making debit and credit journal entries at set times. This makes it simpler to keep track of accumulated income and maintains the balance sheet in good shape.

What Does Accrued Revenue Mean?

Accrued revenue is the money a business has earned from a sale that has already happened, but the customer hasn’t yet given them the money.

A company’s net payment terms with its clients or customers often lead to accrued revenue. In this case, if a company gives all of its clients net-30 payment terms, a client could decide to buy an item on April 1, but they wouldn’t have to pay for it until May 1. For example, if the item costs $100, the company would record $100 in earned revenue for April. Then, when May 1 comes around and the payment is made, the company would make an entry of $100 to account for the cost.

How are Changes to Accrued Revenue Recorded?

When accrued revenue is first recorded, the amount of accrued revenue is shown on the income statement as revenue. The exact amount is taken from an account for accrued revenue on the company’s balance sheet, which could be in the form of accounts receivable.

When the customer pays, the company’s accountant will change the amount of money that has already been earned. The accountant would make an altering journal entry in which the aggregate of cash received from the customer would be deducted from the cash account on the balance sheet and credited to the accrued revenue account or accounts receivable account, lowering that account.

This standard practice of maintenance the balance sheet in balance keeps track of the correct amount of revenue earned keeps track of the proper amount of cash received and doesn’t change the amount of payment shown on the income statement.

Accrued Revenue Examples

It’s excellent to understand how accrued revenue works on a theoretical level. But it won’t help you if you can’t put it into action. Here are some examples of using what you know about accrued revenue in real-world business situations.

Example 1

Let’s say that customer Y deals with company ABC to get 24 pieces of machinery in a year. Since this is a long-term project, company ABC can choose to count each piece of equipment or set of equipment as a milestone for which they will get paid when the project is done.

Whether company ABC bills for the service after each milestone or at the end of the year, it will still be counted as accrued revenue. But in the books of client Y, the same thing will be written down as expenses that have already been paid.

Example 2

You run a consulting business and charge $20 per hour for your services. In one project, a business client wants 100 hours of consultations done in four months. You have already helped people for 50 hours by the end of February. But you won’t send the $2,000 bill until the project is finished at the end of April.

For January, February, March, and April, you will record $500 as income that has already been earned. When you finally send the bill, you’ll turn it into an account receivable. When the payment comes in, you’ll turn it into cash.

How to Interpret?

On the balance sheet, earned revenue is shown as an asset, but it’s not always as valuable as cash. To turn it into cash, you have to bill the customer and get the money from them. The working capital cycle can be hurt by having a lot of past-due payments. It could mean a business isn’t doing a good job of getting customers to pay for its services.

This idea is needed to ensure that income and costs balance. If a business doesn’t have any accrued revenue, its initial revenue and profits may be too low. This doesn’t show what the company is really like. Also, suppose you don’t use these accrued revenues. In that case, your revenue and profit recognition may be lumpier since revenue is only recorded when invoices are sent, which is usually after a long time.

Presentation of Accrued Revenue

The debit balance in the account for past-due bills shows up on the balance sheet as a current asset. The change in the accrued revenue account each month is shown on the income statement at the top of the information in the revenue line item. It is rarely shown on the income statement apart from billed revenue.


When we think about accounting, we think about the cash-basis method, in which income is recorded when the amount is received, and expenses are recorded when bills are paid. This isn’t the only way to do accounting, and most businesses don’t use it. Instead, they use the accrual method of accounting, in which income is recorded when it is earned, regardless of when it is received, and expenses are recorded when they are made, irrespective of when they are paid. The accounting training in Ahmedabad is getting quite famous recently.